Taxon DOI
Collins et al. 1987
Taxonomic Rank
Nomenclatural Taxonomy [1980-2016]
Incertae sedis taxa are placed using SOSCC (Garrity and Lilburn 2008)
Taxon RecordName Record
Ludwig et al. 2010
(Holzapfel and Gerber 1984) Collins et al. 1987
Franzmann et al. 1993
Zhu et al. 2018
Franzmann et al. 1993
Collins et al. 1987
Snauwaert et al. 2013
Jöborn et al. 1999 emend. Nicholson et al. 2015
Kim et al. 2009
(Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003
Collins et al. 1987
(Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987
Pikuta et al. 2005
Holley et al. 2002
None 2015
Type Status
The taxonomic placement of this genus within the root Universal Root.

  Woese et al. 1990
  (None 2015) Woese et al. 1990
  (sic) Gibbons and Murray 2021
  Ludwig et al. 2010
  Ludwig et al. 2010
  Ludwig et al. 2010
  Collins et al. 1987

The taxonomy from the rank of class and below is based upon currently published taxonomic opinion. For a complete taxonomy, refer to The Taxonomic Outline of Bacteria and Archaea, Release 7.7.
When referring to this Abstract, please use its Digital Object Identifier and cite NamesforLife.
Taxon Abstract for the genus Carnobacterium Collins et al. 1987. NamesforLife, LLC. Retrieved .
This information was last reviewed on April 11, 2018.


  1. Franzmann PD, Höpfl P, Weiss N, Tindall BJ. Psychrotrophic, lactic acid-producing bacteria from anoxic waters in Ace Lake, Antarctica; Carnobacterium funditum sp. nov. and Carnobacterium alterfunditum sp. nov. Arch Microbiol 1991; 156:255-262. [PubMed].
  2. Jöborn A, Dorsch M, Olsson JC, Westerdahl A, Kjelleberg S. Carnobacterium inhibens sp. nov., isolated from the intestine of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).10.1099/00207713-49-4-1891. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1999; 49:1891-1898. [PubMed].
  3. Zhu S, Lin D, Xiong S, Wang X, Xue Z, Dong B, Shen X, Ma X, Chen J, Yang J. Carnobacterium antarcticum sp. nov., a psychrotolerant, alkaliphilic bacterium isolated from sandy soil in Antarctica. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2018; 68:1672-1677. [PubMed].
  4. Collins MD, Farrow JAE, Phillips BA, Ferusu S, Jones D. Classification of Lactobacillus divergens, Lactobacillus piscicola, and some catalase-negative asporogenous, rod-shaped bacteria from poultry in a new genus, Carnobacterium. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1987; 37:310-316.
  5. Pikuta EV, Marsic D, Bej A, Tang J, Krader P, Hoover RB. Carnobacterium pleistocenium sp. nov., a novel psychrotolerant, facultative anaerobe isolated from permafrost of the Fox Tunnel in Alaska. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2005; 55:473-478. [PubMed].
  6. Holley RA, Guan TY, Peirson M, Yost CK. Carnobacterium viridans sp. nov., an alkaliphilic, facultative anaerobe isolated from refrigerated, vacuum-packed bologna sausage. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2002; 52:1881-1885. [PubMed].
  7. Mora D, Scarpellini M, Franzetti L, Colombo S, Galli A. Reclassification of Lactobacillus maltaromicus (Miller et al. 1974) DSM 20342(T) and DSM 20344 and Carnobacterium piscicola (Collins et al. 1987) DSM 20730(T) and DSM 20722 as Carnobacterium maltaromaticum comb. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2003; 53:675-678. [PubMed].
  8. Kim M-S, Roh SW, Nam Y-D, Yoon J-H, Bae J-W. Carnobacterium jeotgali sp. nov., isolated from a Korean traditional fermented food. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2009; 59:3168-3171. [PubMed].
  9. Snauwaert I, Hoste B, De Bruyne K, Peeters K, De Vuyst L, Willems A, Vandamme P. Carnobacterium iners sp. nov., a psychrophilic, lactic acid-producing bacterium from the littoral zone of an Antarctic pond. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2013; 63:1370-1375. [PubMed].
  10. No reference is available 2015