Taxon DOI
Winslow et al. 1917 emend. Zinnemann and Biberstein 1974 (Approved Lists 1980), Winslow et al. 1917 emend. Zinnemann and Biberstein 1974 (Approved Lists 1980)
Taxonomic Rank
Nomenclatural Taxonomy [1980-2016]
Incertae sedis taxa are placed using SOSCC (Garrity and Lilburn 2008)
Taxon RecordName Record
Pohl 1981
(Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Winslow et al. 1917 (Approved Lists 1980)
(Klinger 1912) Potts et al. 1985
(Trevisan 1889) Pittman and Davis 1950 (Approved Lists 1980)
Khairat 1940 (Approved Lists 1980)
Hinz and Kunjara 1977 (Approved Lists 1980)
(Neveu-Lemaire 1921) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980)
Taylor et al. 1983
Inzana et al. 1999
(Lehmann and Neumann 1907) Murray 1939 (Approved Lists 1980)
Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980)
Lo et al. 2017
Targowski and Targowski 1984
Biberstein and White 1969 (Approved Lists 1980)
Pittman 1953 (Approved Lists 1980)
Rivers 1922 (Approved Lists 1980)
Zinnemann et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980)
Zinnemann et al. 1968 (Approved Lists 1980)
Biberstein and White 1969 (Approved Lists 1980)
Snieszko et al. 1950 (Approved Lists 1980)
Nørskov-Lauritsen et al. 2005
Shope 1964 (Approved Lists 1980)
Kilian 1977 (Approved Lists 1980)
Zheng et al. 2020
Nørskov-Lauritsena et al. 2012
Gardner and Dukes 1955 (Approved Lists 1980)
None 2015
Type Status
The taxonomic placement of this genus within the root Universal Root.

  Woese et al. 1990
  (None 2015) Woese et al. 1990
  (sic) Garrity et al. 2021
  Garrity et al. 2005 emend. Williams and Kelly 2013
  Garrity et al. 2005
  Pohl 1981
  Winslow et al. 1917 emend. Zinnemann and Biberstein 1974 (Approved Lists 1980)

The taxonomy from the rank of class and below is based upon currently published taxonomic opinion. For a complete taxonomy, refer to The Taxonomic Outline of Bacteria and Archaea, Release 7.7.
When referring to this Abstract, please use its Digital Object Identifier and cite NamesforLife.
Taxon Abstract for the genus Hemophilus Winslow et al. 1917 emend. Zinnemann and Biberstein 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) and Haemophilus Winslow et al. 1917 emend. Zinnemann and Biberstein 1974 (Approved Lists 1980). NamesforLife, LLC. Retrieved .
This information was last reviewed on May 12, 2020.


  1. Lo CI, Sankar SA, Fall B, Sambe-Ba B, Diawara S, Gueye MW, Mediannikov O, Blanc-Tailleur C, Wade B, Raoult D, Fournier P-E, Fenollar F. High-quality draft genome sequence and description of Haemophilus massiliensis sp. nov. Stand Genomic Sci 2016; 11:. [PubMed].
  2. Snieszko SF, Griffin PJ, Friddle SB. A new bacterium (Hemophilus piscium n. sp.) from ulcer disease of trout. J Bacteriol 1950; 59:699-710. [PubMed].
  3. Potts TV, Zambon JJ, Genco RJ. Reassignment of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans to the genus Haemophilus as Haemophilus actinomycetemcomitans comb. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1985; 35:337-341.
  4. Hinz KH, Kunjara C. Haemophilus avium, a new species from chickens. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1977; 27:324-329.
  5. Pittman M. A classification of the hemolytic bacteria of the genus Haemophilus: Haemophilus haemolyticus Bergey et al. and Haemophilus parahaemolyticus nov. spec. J Bacteriol 1953; 65:750-751. [PubMed].
  6. Winslow CE, Broadhurst J, Buchanan RE, Krumwiede C, Rogers LA, Smith GH. The Families and Genera of the Bacteria: Preliminary Report of the Committee of the Society of American Bacteriologists on Characterization and Classification of Bacterial Types. J Bacteriol 1917; 2:505-66. [PubMed].
  7. Shope RE. Porcine contagious pleuropneumonia. I. Experimental transmission, etiology, and pathology. J Exp Med 1964; 119:357-368. [PubMed].
  8. Khairat O. Endocarditis due to new species of Haemophilus. J Pathol Bacteriol 1940; 50:497-505.
  9. Zinnemann K, Rogers KB, Frazer J, Devaraj SK. A haemolytic V-dependent CO2-preferring Haemophilus species (Haemophilus paraphrohaemolyticus nov. spec.). J Med Microbiol 1971; 4:139-143. [PubMed].
  10. Inzana TJ, Johnson JL, Shell L, Møller K, Kilian M. Isolation and characterization of a newly identified Haemophilus species from cats: "Haemophilus felis.". J Clin Microbiol 1992; 30:2108-2112. [PubMed].
  11. Rivers TM. Growth of influenza-like bacilli on media containing only an autoclave-labile substance as an accessory food factor. Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin 1922; 33:429-431.
  12. Olsen I, Dewhirst FE, Paster BJ, Busse H-J. Family I. Pasteurellaceae Pohl 1981b 382 (VP) (Effective publication: Pohl 1979, 81). In: Garrity GM, Brenner DJ, Krieg NR, Staley JT (eds), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second Edition, Volume 2, Part B, Springer, New York, 2005, p. 851.
  13. Nørskov-Lauritsena N, Bruunb B, Andersena C, Kilianc M. Identification of haemolytic Haemophilus species isolated from human clinical specimens and description of Haemophilus sputorum sp. nov. Int J Med Microbiol 2012; 302:78-83. [PubMed].
  14. Murray RGE. Parvobacteriaceae. In: Bergey DH, Breed RS, Murray EGD, Hitchens AP (eds), Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, Fifth Edition, The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1939, p. 309.
  15. Bergey DH, Harrison FC, Breed RS, Hammer BW, Huntoon FM. In: Bergey DH, Harrison FC, Breed RS, Hammer BW, Huntoon FM (eds), Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, First Edition, The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1923, p. 271.
  16. Taylor CE, Rosenthal RO, Brown DF, Lapage SP, Hill LR, Legros RM. The causative organism of contagious equine metritis 1977: proposal for a new species to be known as Haemophilus equigenitalis. Equine Vet J 1978; 10:136-144. [PubMed].
  17. Zheng M-L, Li L-H, Liu B, Lin Y-B, Zhang X-T, Chen C, Qu P-H, Zeng J. Haemophilus seminalis sp. nov., isolated from human semen. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2020; 70:2581-2588. [PubMed].
  18. Biberstein EL, White DC. A proposal for the establishment of two new Haemophilus species. J Med Microbiol 1969; 2:75-78. [PubMed].
  19. Kilian M. A taxonomic study of the genus Haemophilus, with the proposal of a new species. J Gen Microbiol 1976; 93:9-62. [PubMed].
  20. Gardner HL, Dukes CD. Haemophilus vaginalis vaginitis: a newly defined specific infection previously classified non-specific vaginitis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1955; 69:962-976. [PubMed].
  21. Nørskov-Lauritsen N, Bruun B, Kilian M. Multilocus sequence phylogenetic study of the genus Haemophilus with description of Haemophilus pittmaniae sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2005; 55:449-456. [PubMed].
  22. Zinnemann K, Rogers KB, Frazer J, Boyce JM. A new V-dependent Haemophilus species preferring increased CO2 tension for growth and named Haemophilus paraphrophilus, nov. sp. J Pathol Bacteriol 1968; 96:413-419. [PubMed].
  23. Targowski S, Targowski H. Characterization of a Haemophilus paracuniculus isolated from gastrointestinal tracts of rabbits with mucoid enteritis. J Clin Microbiol 1979; 9:33-37. [PubMed].
  24. Pittman M, Davis DJ. Identification of the Koch-Weeks bacillus (Hemophilus aegyptius). J Bacteriol 1950; 59:413-426. [PubMed].
  25. No reference is available 2015