Taxon DOI
Gavini et al. 1989 emend. Brady et al. 2010
Taxonomic Rank
Nomenclatural Taxonomy [1980-2016]
Incertae sedis taxa are placed using SOSCC (Garrity and Lilburn 2008)
Taxon RecordName Record
Adeolu et al. 2016
(Beijerinck 1888) Gavini et al. 1989
Brady et al. 2011
corrig. (Serrano 1928) Mergaert et al. 1993
Brady et al. 2009
Liu et al. 2013
Brady et al. 2010
Popp et al. 2010
Bansal et al. 2014
Kageyama et al. 1992
Gueule et al. 2015
Brady et al. 2010
(Brenner et al. 1973) Brady et al. 2010
Brady et al. 2009
Gavini et al. 1989
Otero-Bravo et al. 2018
Brady et al. 2009
Brady et al. 2010
Popp et al. 2010
Rong et al. 2016
Prakash et al. 2015
(Singh et al. 2019) Palmer and Coutinho 2022
Ma et al. 2016
Kageyama et al. 1992
Brady et al. 2012
Brady et al. 2012
Brady et al. 2010
(Smith 1898) Mergaert et al. 1993
Kageyama et al. 1992
Tanaka et al. 2015
Brady et al. 2009
Brady et al. 2012
None 2015
Type Status
The taxonomic placement of this genus within the root Universal Root.

  Woese et al. 1990
  (None 2015) Woese et al. 1990
  (sic) Garrity et al. 2021
  Garrity et al. 2005 emend. Williams and Kelly 2013
  (Garrity and Holt 2001) Adeolu et al. 2016
  Adeolu et al. 2016
  Gavini et al. 1989 emend. Brady et al. 2010

The taxonomy from the rank of class and below is based upon currently published taxonomic opinion. For a complete taxonomy, refer to The Taxonomic Outline of Bacteria and Archaea, Release 7.7.
When referring to this Abstract, please use its Digital Object Identifier and cite NamesforLife.
Taxon Abstract for the genus Pantoea Gavini et al. 1989 emend. Brady et al. 2010. NamesforLife, LLC. Retrieved .
This information was last reviewed on April 22, 2022.


  1. Adeolu M, Alnajar S, Naushad S, Gupta RS. Genome based phylogeny and taxonomy of the "Enterobacteriales": proposal for Enterobacterales ord. nov. divided into the families Enterobacteriaceae, Erwiniaceae fam. nov., Pectobacteriaceae fam. nov., Yersiniaceae fam. nov., Hafniaceae fam. nov., Morganellaceae fam. nov., and Budviciaceae fam. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2016; 66:5575-5599. [PubMed].
  2. Brady CL, Venter SN, Cleenwerck I, Engelbeen K, Vancanneyt M, Swings J, Coutinho TA. Pantoea vagans sp. nov., Pantoea eucalypti sp. nov., Pantoea deleyi sp. nov. and Pantoea anthophila sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2009; 59:2339-2345. [PubMed].
  3. Brady CL, Cleenwerck I, van der Westhuizen L, Venter SN, Coutinho TA, De Vos P. Pantoea rodasii sp. nov., Pantoea rwandensis sp. nov. and Pantoea wallisii sp. nov., isolated from Eucalyptus. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2012; 62:1457-1464. [PubMed].
  4. Tanaka YK, Horie N, Mochida K, Yoshida Y, Okugawa E, Nanjo F. Pantoea theicola sp. nov., isolated from black tea. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2015; 65:3313-3319. [PubMed].
  5. Mergaert J, Verdonck L, Kersters K. Transfer of Erwinia ananas, synonym, Erwinia uredovora and Erwinia stewartii to the genus Pantoea emend. as Pantoea ananas, Serrano 1928 comb. nov. and Pantoea stewartii, Smith 1898 comb. nov., respectively, and description of Pantoea stewartii subsp. indologenes subsp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1993; 43:162-173.
  6. Ma Y, Yin Y, Rong C, Chen S, Liu Y, Wang S, Xu F. Pantoea pleuroti sp. nov., Isolated from the Fruiting Bodies of Pleurotus eryngii. Curr Microbiol 2016; 72:207-212. [PubMed].
  7. Brady CL, Cleenwerck I, Venter SN, Engelbeen K, De Vos P, Coutinho TA. Emended description of the genus Pantoea, description of four species from human clinical samples, Pantoea septica sp. nov., Pantoea eucrina sp. nov., Pantoea brenneri sp. nov. and Pantoea conspicua sp. nov., and transfer of Pectobacterium cypripedii (Hori 1911) Brenner et al. 1973 emend. Hauben et al. 1998 to the genus as Pantoea cypripedii comb. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2010; 60:2430-2440. [PubMed].
  8. Liu Y, Wang S, Zhang D, Wei S, Zhao S, Chen S, Xu F. Pantoea beijingensis sp. nov., isolated from the fruiting body of Pleurotus eryngii. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 2013; 104:1039-1047. [PubMed].
  9. Otero-Bravo A, Goffredi S, Sabree ZL. Cladogenesis and Genomic Streamlining in Extracellular Endosymbionts of Tropical Stink bugs. Genome Biol Evol 2018; 10:680-693. [PubMed].
  10. Bansal R, Michel AP, Sabree ZL. The crypt-dwelling primary bacterial symbiont of the polyphagous pentatomid pest Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Environ Entomol 2014; 43:617-625. [PubMed].
  11. Palmer M, Coutinho TA. Pantoea. In: Professor William B. Whitman (ed), Bergey's Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria, First Edition, Volume 1, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, 2015.
  12. Kageyama B, Nakae M, Yagi S, Sonoyama T. Pantoea punctata sp. nov., Pantoea citrea sp. nov., and Pantoea terrea sp. nov. isolated from fruit and soil samples. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1992; 42:203-210. [PubMed].
  13. Rong C, Ma Y, Wang S, Liu Y, Chen S, Huang B, Wang J, Xu F. Pantoea hericii sp. nov., Isolated from the Fruiting Bodies of Hericium erinaceus. Curr Microbiol 2016; 72:738-743. [PubMed].
  14. Gueule D, Fourny G, Ageron E, Le Flèche-Matéos A, Vandenbogaert M, Grimont PAD, Cilas C. Pantoea coffeiphila sp. nov. cause of 'potato taste' of Arabica coffee from African Great Lakes region. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2015; 65:23-29. [PubMed].
  15. Gavini F, Mergaert J, Beji A, Mielcarek C, Izard D, Kersters K, De Ley J. Transfer of Enterobacter agglomerans (Beijerinck 1888) Ewing and Fife 1972 to Pantoea gen. nov. as Pantoea agglomerans comb. nov. and description of Pantoea dispersa sp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989; 39:337-345.
  16. Prakash O, Nimonkar Y, Vaishampayan A, Mishra M, Kumbhare S, Josef N, Shouche YS. Pantoea intestinalis sp. nov., isolated from the human gut. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2015; 65:3352-3358. [PubMed].
  17. Popp A, Cleenwerck I, Iversen C, De Vos P, Stephan R. Pantoea gaviniae sp. nov. and Pantoea calida sp. nov., isolated from infant formula and an infant formula production environment. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2010; 60:2786-2792. [PubMed].
  18. Brady CL, Goszczynska T, Venter SN, Cleenwerck I, De Vos P, Gitaitis RD, Coutinho TA. Pantoea allii sp. nov., isolated from onion plants and seed. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2011; 61:932-937. [PubMed].
  19. No reference is available 2015