Taxon DOI
Castellani and Chalmers 1919 emend. Ørskov 1974 (Approved Lists 1980)
Taxonomic Rank
Nomenclatural Taxonomy [1980-2016]
Incertae sedis taxa are placed using SOSCC (Garrity and Lilburn 2008)
Taxon RecordName Record
Rahn 1984 emend. Adeolu et al. 2016
(Migula 1895) Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980)
Leclerc 1962 (Approved Lists 1980)
Huys et al. 2003
Burgess et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980)
Farmer et al. 1985
Brenner et al. 1983
Liu et al. 2021
Liu et al. 2015
van der Putten et al. 2021
Brenner et al. 1983
None 2015
Type Status
The taxonomic placement of this genus within the root Universal Root.

  Woese et al. 1990
  (None 2015) Woese et al. 1990
  (sic) Garrity et al. 2021
  Garrity et al. 2005 emend. Williams and Kelly 2013
  (Garrity and Holt 2001) Adeolu et al. 2016
  Rahn 1984 emend. Adeolu et al. 2016
  Castellani and Chalmers 1919 emend. Ørskov 1974 (Approved Lists 1980)

The taxonomy from the rank of class and below is based upon currently published taxonomic opinion. For a complete taxonomy, refer to The Taxonomic Outline of Bacteria and Archaea, Release 7.7.
When referring to this Abstract, please use its Digital Object Identifier and cite NamesforLife.
Taxon Abstract for the genus Escherichia Castellani and Chalmers 1919 emend. Ørskov 1974 (Approved Lists 1980). NamesforLife, LLC. Retrieved .
This information was last reviewed on February 22, 2022.


  1. Adeolu M, Alnajar S, Naushad S, Gupta RS. Genome based phylogeny and taxonomy of the "Enterobacteriales": proposal for Enterobacterales ord. nov. divided into the families Enterobacteriaceae, Erwiniaceae fam. nov., Pectobacteriaceae fam. nov., Yersiniaceae fam. nov., Hafniaceae fam. nov., Morganellaceae fam. nov., and Budviciaceae fam. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2016; 66:5575-5599. [PubMed].
  2. Huys G, Cnockaert M, Janda JM, Swings J. Escherichia albertii sp. nov., a diarrhoeagenic species isolated from stool specimens of Bangladeshi children. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2003; 53:807-810. [PubMed].
  3. van der Putten BCL, Matamoros S, Mende DR, Scholl ER, Consortium C, Schultsz C. Escherichia ruysiae sp. nov., a novel Gram-stain-negative bacterium, isolated from a faecal sample of an international traveller. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2021; 71:. [PubMed].
  4. Brenner DJ, McWhorter AC, Leete Knutson JK, Steigerwalt AG. Escherichia vulneris: a new species of Enterobacteriaceae associated with human wounds. J Clin Microbiol 1982; 15:1133-1140. [PubMed].
  5. Brenner DJ, Davis BR, Steigerwalt AG, Riddle CF, McWhorter AC, Allen SD, Farmer JJ, Saitoh Y, Fanning GR. Atypical biogroups of Escherichia coli found in clinical specimens and description of Escherichia hermannii sp. nov. J Clin Microbiol 1982; 15:703-713. [PubMed].
  6. Castellani A, Chalmers AJ. Genus Escherichia Castellani and Chalmers, 1918. Manual of Tropical Medicine, Third Edition, Williams, Wood and Co., New York, 1919, p. 941-943.
  7. Farmer JJ, Fanning GR, Davis BR, O'Hara CM, Riddle C, Hickman-Brenner FW, Asbury MA, Lowery VA, Brenner DJ. Escherichia fergusonii and Enterobacter taylorae, two new species of Enterobacteriaceae isolated from clinical specimens. J Clin Microbiol 1985; 21:77-81. [PubMed].
  8. Leclerc H. Étude biochimique d'Enterobacteriaceae pigmentées. Ann Inst Pasteur (Paris) 1962; 102:726-741.
  9. Burgess NRH, McDermott SN, Whiting J. Aerobic bacteria occurring in the hind-gut of the cockroach, Blatta orientalis. J Hyg (Lond) 1973; 71:1-7. [PubMed].
  10. Liu S, Jin D, Lan R, Wang Y, Meng Q, Dai H, Lu S, Hu S, Xu J. Escherichia marmotae sp. nov., isolated from faeces of Marmota himalayana. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2015; 65:2130-2134. [PubMed].
  11. Liu C, Du M-X, Abuduaini R, Yu H-Y, Li D-H, Wang Y-J, Zhou N, Jiang M-Z, Niu P-X, Han S-S, Chen H-H, Shi W-Y, Wu L, Xin Y-H, Ma J, Zhou Y, Jiang C-Y, Liu H-W, Liu S-J. Enlightening the taxonomy darkness of human gut microbiomes with a cultured biobank. Microbiome 2021; 9:119-119. [PubMed].
  12. No reference is available 2015