Taxon DOI
Brown et al. 2010
Taxonomic Rank
Nomenclatural Taxonomy [1980-2016]
Incertae sedis taxa are placed using SOSCC (Garrity and Lilburn 2008)
Taxon RecordName Record
Freundt et al. 1984
Firrao et al. 2004
Type Status
The taxonomic placement of this family within the root Universal Root.

  Woese et al. 1990
  (None 2015) Woese et al. 1990
  corrig. Murray 2021
  Edward and Freundt 1967 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Gupta et al. 2019
  Freundt et al. 1984
  Brown et al. 2010

The taxonomy from the rank of class and below is based upon currently published taxonomic opinion. For a complete taxonomy, refer to The Taxonomic Outline of Bacteria and Archaea, Release 7.7.
When referring to this Abstract, please use its Digital Object Identifier and cite NamesforLife.
Taxon Abstract for the family Incertae sedis 200 Brown et al. 2010. NamesforLife, LLC. Retrieved .
This information was last reviewed on April 18, 2017.


  1. Brown DR, Bradbury JM, Johansson K-E. Order III. Acholeplasmatales Freundt, Whitcomb, Barile, Razin and Tully 1984, 348(VP). In: Krieg NR, Staley JT, Brown DR, Hedlund BP, Paster BJ, Ward NL, Ludwig W, Whitman WB (eds), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second Edition, Volume 4, Springer, New York, 2010, p. 687-723.