Taxon DOI
Zhang et al. 2017 emend. Ma et al. 2020
Taxonomic Rank
Nomenclatural Taxonomy [1980-2016]
Incertae sedis taxa are placed using SOSCC (Garrity and Lilburn 2008)
Taxon RecordName Record
Rahn 1984 emend. Adeolu et al. 2016
Zhang et al. 2017 emend. Pillonetto et al. 2018
(Lagier et al. 2014) Ma et al. 2021
Madhaiyan et al. 2020
Pillonetto et al. 2018
Type Status
The taxonomic placement of this genus within the root Universal Root.

  Woese et al. 1990
  (None 2015) Woese et al. 1990
  (sic) Garrity et al. 2021
  Garrity et al. 2005 emend. Williams and Kelly 2013
  (Garrity and Holt 2001) Adeolu et al. 2016
  Rahn 1984 emend. Adeolu et al. 2016
  Zhang et al. 2017 emend. Ma et al. 2020

The taxonomy from the rank of class and below is based upon currently published taxonomic opinion. For a complete taxonomy, refer to The Taxonomic Outline of Bacteria and Archaea, Release 7.7.
When referring to this Abstract, please use its Digital Object Identifier and cite NamesforLife.
Taxon Abstract for the genus Phytobacter Zhang et al. 2017 emend. Ma et al. 2020. NamesforLife, LLC. Retrieved .
This information was last reviewed on January 15, 2021.


  1. Zhang GX, Peng GX, Wang ET, Yan H, Yuan QH, Zhang W, Lou X, Wu H, Tan ZY. Diverse endophytic nitrogen-fixing bacteria isolated from wild rice Oryza rufipogon and description of Phytobacter diazotrophicus gen. nov. sp. nov. Arch Microbiol 2008; 189:431-438. [PubMed].
  2. Madhaiyan M, Saravanan VS, Blom J, Smits THM, Rezzonico F, Kim S-J, Weon H-Y, Kwon S-W, Whitman WB, Ji L. Phytobacter palmae sp. nov., a novel endophytic, N2 fixing, plant growth promoting Gammaproteobacterium isolated from oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2020; 70:841-848. [PubMed].
  3. Ma Y, Yao R, Li Y, Wu X, Li S, An Q. Proposal for Unification of the Genus Metakosakonia and the Genus Phytobacter to a Single Genus Phytobacter and Reclassification of Metakosakonia massiliensis as Phytobacter massiliensis comb. nov. Curr Microbiol 2020; 77:1945-1954. [PubMed].
  4. Pillonetto M, Arend LN, Faoro H, D'Espindula HRS, Blom J, Smits THM, Mira MT, Rezzonico F. Emended description of the genus Phytobacter, its type species Phytobacter diazotrophicus (Zhang 2008) and description of Phytobacter ursingii sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2018; 68:176-184. [PubMed].