Taxon DOI
Trevisan 1885 (Approved Lists 1980)
Taxonomic Rank
Nomenclatural Taxonomy [1980-2016]
Incertae sedis taxa are placed using SOSCC (Garrity and Lilburn 2008)
Taxon RecordName Record
Prévot 1933 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Chen et al. 2021
(Zopf 1885) Trevisan 1885 (Approved Lists 1980)
Berger 1960 (Approved Lists 1980)
Vandamme et al. 2006
Hansen et al. 2017
Han et al. 2006
Berger 1962 (Approved Lists 1980)
(Frosch and Kolle 1896) Holland 1920
Pelczar 1953 (Approved Lists 1980)
(von Lingelsheim 1906) Murray 1939 (Approved Lists 1980)
Berger 1962 (Approved Lists 1980)
Berger 1962 (Approved Lists 1980)
Sneath and Barrett 1997
Wroblewski et al. 2017
Bøvre and Holten 1970 (Approved Lists 1980)
Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980)
Branham 1930 (Approved Lists 1980)
Barrett et al. 1994
Hollis et al. 1969 (Approved Lists 1980)
Vedros et al. 1983
(Albrecht and Ghon 1901) Murray 1929 (Approved Lists 1980)
Véron et al. 1959 (Approved Lists 1980)
Weyand et al. 2016
Wolfgang et al. 2013
Lindqvist 1960 (Approved Lists 1980)
Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980)
Riou and Guibourdenche 1987
Wolfgang et al. 2011
(von Lingelsheim 1908) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980)
(Flügge 1886) Trevisan 1889 (Approved Lists 1980)
Wolfgang et al. 2011
Holmes et al. 1993 emend. Yi and Chun 2015 non Neisseria weaveri Andersen et al. 1993
Andersen et al. 1993 non Neisseria weaveri Holmes et al. 1993
Zhang et al. 2019
Volokhov et al. 2018
Vandamme et al. 2006
None 2015
Type Status
The taxonomic placement of this genus within the root Universal Root.

  Woese et al. 1990
  (None 2015) Woese et al. 1990
  (sic) Garrity et al. 2021
  Garrity et al. 2006 emend. Boden et al. 2017
  Tønjum 2006 emend. Chen et al. 2021
  Prévot 1933 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Chen et al. 2021
  Trevisan 1885 (Approved Lists 1980)

The taxonomy from the rank of class and below is based upon currently published taxonomic opinion. For a complete taxonomy, refer to The Taxonomic Outline of Bacteria and Archaea, Release 7.7.
When referring to this Abstract, please use its Digital Object Identifier and cite NamesforLife.
Taxon Abstract for the genus Neisseria Trevisan 1885 (Approved Lists 1980). NamesforLife, LLC. Retrieved .
This information was last reviewed on July 23, 2019.


  1. Adeolu M, Gupta RS. Phylogenomics and molecular signatures for the order Neisseriales: proposal for division of the order Neisseriales into the emended family Neisseriaceae and Chromobacteriaceae fam. nov. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 2013; 104:1-24. [PubMed].
  2. Wolfgang WJ, Carpenter AN, Cole JA, Gronow S, Habura A, Jose S, Nazarian EJ, Kohlerschmidt DJ, Limberger r, Schoonmaker-Bopp D, Spröer C, Musser KA. Neisseria wadsworthii sp. nov. and Neisseria shayeganii sp. nov., isolated from clinical specimens. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2011; 61:91-98. [PubMed].
  3. Berger U. Neisseria animalis nov. spec. Z Hyg Infektioiskr 1960; 147:158-161.
  4. Riou JY, Guibourdenche M. Neisseria polysaccharea sp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1987; 37:163-165.
  5. Andersen BM, Steigerwalt AG, O'Connor SP, Hollis DG, Weyant RS, Weaver RE, Brenner DJ. Neisseria weaveri sp. nov., formerly CDC group M-5, a gram-negative bacterium associated with dog bite wounds. J Clin Microbiol 1993; 31:2456-2466. [PubMed].
  6. Berger U. Über das Vorkommen von Neisserien bei einigen Tieren. Z Hyg Infektioiskr 1962; 148:445-457.
  7. Bøvre K, Holten E. Neisseria elongata sp.nov., a rod-shaped member of the genus Neisseria. Re-evaluation of cell shape as a criterion in classification. J Gen Microbiol 1970; 60:67-75. [PubMed].
  8. Bergey DH, Harrison FC, Breed RS, Hammer BW, Huntoon FM. In: Bergey DH, Harrison FC, Breed RS, Hammer BW, Huntoon FM (eds), Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, First Edition, The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1923, p. 1-442.
  9. Murray EGD. Genus I. Neisseria Trevisan. In: Bergey DH, Breed RS, Murray EGD, Hitchens AP (eds), Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, Fifth Edition, The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1939, p. 278-288.
  10. Zhang G, Yang J, Lai X-H, Jin D, Pu J, Bai X, Xiong Y, Ren Z, Luo X, Huang Y, Lu S, Xu J. Neisseria weixii sp. nov., isolated from rectal contents of Tibetan Plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:2305-2311. [PubMed].
  11. Pelczar MJ. Neisseria caviae nov. spec. J Bacteriol 1953; 65:744. [PubMed].
  12. Han XY, Hong T, Falsen E. Neisseria bacilliformis sp. nov. isolated from human infections. J Clin Microbiol 2006; 44:474-479. [PubMed].
  13. Véron M, Thibault P, Second L. Neisseria mucosa (Diplococcus mucosus Lingelsheim). I. Description bactériologique et étude du pouvoir pathogène. Ann Inst Pasteur (Paris) 1959; 97:497-510. [PubMed].
  14. Wolfgang WJ, Passaretti TV, Jose R, Cole J, Coorevits A, Carpenter AN, Jose S, Van Landschoot A, Izard J, Kohlerschmidt DJ, Vandamme P, Dewhirst FE, Fisher MA, Musser KA. Neisseria oralis sp. nov., isolated from healthy gingival plaque and clinical samples. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2013; 63:1323-1328. [PubMed].
  15. Barrett SJ, Schlater LK, Montali RJ, Sneath PHA. A new species of Neisseria from iguanid lizards, Neisseria iguanae sp. nov. Lett Appl Microbiol 1994; 18:200-202.
  16. Weyand NJ, Ma M, Phifer-Rixey M, Taku NA, Rendón MA, Hockenberry AM, Kim WJ, Agellon AB, Biais N, Suzuki TA, Sait LG, Harrison OB, Bratcher HB, Nachman MW, Maiden MCJ, So M. Isolation and characterization of a new species of Neisseria, Neisseria musculi, from the wild house mouse. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2016; 66:3585-3593. [PubMed].
  17. Hansen CM, Himschoot EA, Hare RF, Meixell BW, Van Hemert C, Hueffer K. Neisseria arctica sp. nov. isolated from nonviable eggs of greater white-fronted geese (Anser albifrons) in Arctic Alaska. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2017; 67:1115-1119. [PubMed].
  18. Holmes B, Costas M, On SL, Vandamme P, Falsen E, Kersters K. Neisseria weaveri sp. nov. (formerly CDC group M-5), from dog bite wounds of humans. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1993; 43:687-693. [PubMed].
  19. Hollis DG, Wiggins GL, Weaver RE. Neisseria lactamicus sp. n., a lactose-fermenting species resembling Neisseria meningitidis. Appl Microbiol 1969; 17:71-77. [PubMed].
  20. Sneath PH, Barrett SJ. A new species of Neisseria from the dental plaque of the domestic cow, Neisseria dentiae sp. nov. Lett Appl Microbiol 1996; 23:355-358. [PubMed].
  21. Volokhov DV, Amselle M, Bodeis-Jones S, Delmonte P, Zhang S, Davidson MK, Gulland FM, Chizhikov VE. Neisseria zalophi sp. nov., isolated from oral cavity of California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Arch Microbiol 2018; 200:819-828. [PubMed].
  22. Vandamme P, Holmes B, Bercovier H, Coenye T. Classification of Centers for Disease Control Group Eugonic Fermenter (EF)-4a and EF-4b as Neisseria animaloris sp. nov. and Neisseria zoodegmatis sp. nov., respectively. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2006; 56:1801-1805. [PubMed].
  23. Trevisan V. Generi e le Specie delle Batteriacee. In: Trevisan V (ed), I Generi e le Specie delle Batteriacee, Zanaboni and Gabuzzi, Milano, 1889.
  24. Lindqvist K. A Neisseria species associated with infectious keratoconjunctivitis of sheep--Neisseria ovis Nov. Spec. J Infect Dis 1960; 106:162-165. [PubMed].
  25. Murray EGD. The meningococcus. Spec Rep Ser Med Res Counc (G B) 1929; 124:7-142.
  26. Holland DF. Generic Index of the Commoner Forms of Bacteria. J Bacteriol 1920; 5:215-229.
  27. Wroblewski D, Cole J, McGinnis J, Perez M, Wilson H, Mingle LA, Musser KA, Wolfgang WJ. Neisseria dumasiana sp. nov. from human sputum and a dog's mouth. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2017; 67:4304-4310. [PubMed].
  28. Branham SE. A new meningococcus-like organism (Neisseria flavescens n. sp.) from epidemic meningitis. United States Public Health Services Public Health Report 1930; 45:845-849.
  29. Vedros NA, Hoke C, Chun P. Neisseria macacae sp. nov., a new Neisseria species isolated from the oropharynges of rhesus monkeys, Macaca mulatta. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1983; 33:515-520.
  30. No reference is available 2015
  31. Trevisan V. Carratteri di alcuni nuovi generi di Batteriacee. Atti della Accademia Fisica-Medica-Statistica in Milano, Series 4 1885; 3:92-107.