Taxon DOI
Willems et al. 1991
Taxonomic Rank
Nomenclatural Taxonomy [1980-2016]
Incertae sedis taxa are placed using SOSCC (Garrity and Lilburn 2008)
Taxon RecordName Record
Willems et al. 1991
(Davis et al. 1969) Willems et al. 1991
Miwa et al. 2008
Jin et al. 2012
Yoon et al. 2006
Im et al. 2010
Kämpfer et al. 2015
Gao et al. 2015
Nguyen and Kim 2016
Nguyen et al. 2018
Nguyen et al. 2018
Kim et al. 2006
Nguyen et al. 2018
Type Status
The taxonomic placement of this genus within the root Universal Root.

  Woese et al. 1990
  (None 2015) Woese et al. 1990
  (sic) Garrity et al. 2021
  Garrity et al. 2006 emend. Boden et al. 2017
  Garrity et al. 2006
  Willems et al. 1991
  Willems et al. 1991

The taxonomy from the rank of class and below is based upon currently published taxonomic opinion. For a complete taxonomy, refer to The Taxonomic Outline of Bacteria and Archaea, Release 7.7.
When referring to this Abstract, please use its Digital Object Identifier and cite NamesforLife.
Taxon Abstract for the genus Variovorax Willems et al. 1991. NamesforLife, LLC. Retrieved .
This information was last reviewed on September 17, 2018.


  1. Nguyen TM, Kim J. Description of Variovorax humicola sp. nov., isolated from a forest topsoil in South Korea. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2016; 66:2520-2527. [PubMed].
  2. Gao J-l, Yuan M, Wang X-m, Qiu T-l, Li J-w, Liu H-c, Li X-a, Chen J, Sun J-g. Variovorax guangxiensis sp. nov., an aerobic, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase producing bacterium isolated from banana rhizosphere. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 2015; 107:65-72. [PubMed].
  3. Im W-T, Liu Q-M, Lee KJ, Kim S-Y, Lee S-T, Yi T-H. Variovorax ginsengisoli sp. nov., a denitrifying bacterium isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2010; 60:1565-1569. [PubMed].
  4. Willems A, Gillis M. Family IV. Comamonadaceae fam. nov. In: Garrity GM, Brenner DJ, Krieg NR, Staley JT (eds), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second Edition, Volume 2, Part C, Springer, New York, 2005, p. 686.
  5. Willems A, De Ley J, Gillis M, Kersters K. Comamonadaceae, a new family encompassing the acidovorans rRNA complex, including Variovorax paradoxus gen. nov., comb. nov., for Alcaligenes paradoxus (Davis 1969). Int J Syst Bacteriol 1991; 41:445-450.
  6. Kim BY, Weon HY, Yoo SH, Lee SY, Kwon SW, Go SJ, Stackebrandt E. Variovorax soli sp. nov., isolated from greenhouse soil. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2006; 56:2899-2901. [PubMed].
  7. Miwa H, Ahmed I, Yoon J, Yokota A, Fujiwara T. Variovorax boronicumulans sp. nov., a boron-accumulating bacterium isolated from soil. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:286-289. [PubMed].
  8. Kämpfer P, Busse H-J, McInroy JA, Glaeser SP. Variovorax gossypii sp. nov., isolated from Gossypium hirsutum. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2015; 65:4335-4340. [PubMed].
  9. Jin L, Kim KK, Ahn C-Y, Oh H-M. Variovorax defluvii sp. nov., isolated from sewage. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2012; 62:1779-1783. [PubMed].
  10. Yoon JH, Kang SJ, Oh TK. Variovorax dokdonensis sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2006; 56:811-814. [PubMed].
  11. Nguyen TM, Trinh NH, Kim J. Proposal of three novel species of soil bacteria, Variovorax ureilyticus, Variovorax rhizosphaerae, and Variovorax robiniae, in the family Comamonadaceae. J Microbiol 2018; 56:485-492. [PubMed].