Taxon DOI
Cho and Giovannoni 2003 emend. Sun et al. 2019
Taxonomic Rank
Nomenclatural Taxonomy [1980-2016]
Incertae sedis taxa are placed using SOSCC (Garrity and Lilburn 2008)
Taxon RecordName Record
Rosenberg et al. 2014
Cho and Giovannoni 2003
Yu et al. 2013
Zhang et al. 2016
Arun et al. 2009
Sun et al. 2019
Al-Omari et al. 2021
(sic) Li et al. 2014
Type Status
The taxonomic placement of this genus within the root Universal Root.

  Woese et al. 1990
  (None 2015) Woese et al. 1990
  (sic) Garrity et al. 2021
  Garrity et al. 2006
  Garrity et al. 2003
  Rosenberg et al. 2014
  Cho and Giovannoni 2003 emend. Sun et al. 2019

The taxonomy from the rank of class and below is based upon currently published taxonomic opinion. For a complete taxonomy, refer to The Taxonomic Outline of Bacteria and Archaea, Release 7.7.
When referring to this Abstract, please use its Digital Object Identifier and cite NamesforLife.
Taxon Abstract for the genus Parvularcula Cho and Giovannoni 2003 emend. Sun et al. 2019. NamesforLife, LLC. Retrieved .
This information was last reviewed on February 4, 2021.


  1. Garrity GM, Bell JA, Lilburn T. Taxonomic outline of the Procaryotes. In: Garrity GM, Bell JA, Lilburn TG (eds), Taxonomic Outline of the Procaryotes, Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second Edition. Release 4.0, Fourth Edition, Springer-Verlag, New York, 2003, p. 1-39.
  2. Sun L-L, Dang Y-R, Li Y, Qin Q-L, Su H-N, Li P-Y, Chen X-L, Zhang Y-Z, Zhang X-Y. Parvularcula marina sp. nov., isolated from surface water of the South China Sea, and emended description of the genus Parvularcula. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:2571-2576. [PubMed].
  3. Al-Omari J, Szabó I, Szerdahelyi GS, Radó J, Kaszab E, Griffitts J, Táncsics A, Szoboszlay S. Parvularcula mediterranea sp. nov., isolated from marine plastic debris from Zakynthos Island, Greece. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2021; 71:. [PubMed].
  4. Zhang X-Q, Wu Y-H, Zhou X, Zhang X, Xu X-W, Wu M. Parvularcula flava sp. nov., a novel alphaproteobacterium from the surface seawater of the South China Sea. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2016; 66:3498-3502. [PubMed].
  5. Yu Z, Lai Q, Li G, Shao Z. Parvularcula dongshanensis sp. nov., isolated from soft coral. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2013; 63:2114-2117. [PubMed].
  6. Cho JC, Giovannoni SJ. Parvularcula bermudensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a marine bacterium that forms a deep branch in the alpha-Proteobacteria. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2003; 53:1031-1036. [PubMed].
  7. Arun AB, Chen WM, Lai WA, Chou JH, Rekha PD, Shen FT, Singh S, Young CC. Parvularcula lutaonensis sp. nov., a moderately thermotolerant marine bacterium isolated from a coastal hot spring. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2009; 59:998-1001. [PubMed].
  8. Li S, Tang K, Liu K, Yu C-P, Jiao N. Parvularcula oceanus sp. nov., isolated from deep-sea water of the Southeastern Pacific Ocean. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 2014; 105:245-251. [PubMed].